Transcript原文

  • His [orchard]{果园} was high up on a mountain ridge in Lesotho.

  • We are able to tap into the market two to three weeks earlier than the South African [counterparts]{同行}.

  • And you have to run [irrigation]{灌溉} over from the well to the orchards.

  • He was posted [randomly]{随机的}, back when he was young, to Ghana in the [Peace Corps]{和平工作队}.

  • He’s [bald]{秃头的}.

  • This was an [intellectual]{智力的} question to be solved in an intellectual way, which is a [randomized]{使…随机化} controlled experiment.

  • We sent them 200 and - the [equivalent]{相等物} of $250.

  • But there is a [time-honored]{确立已久的} way to make something less risky.

  • There are [statistics]{统计数字}.

  • a new insurance policy to protect our crops, animals and [poultry]{家禽}

  • I think he sounds so [legit]{合法的} happy

  • would smile and would read you a [script]{剧本}.

  • We recognize that you need help dealing with the [unpredictability]{不可预测} of [rainfall]{降雨量}.

  • risk their [livelihoods]{生计}

  • When you say you give me a little money and you might get a lot of money, that seems like a [lottery]{抽彩}.

  • I know this seems [over-the-top]{过多的}.

  • My first reaction was [delight]{愉快}.

  • If it did not rain in northern Ghana that year, they would have been on the [hook]{勾} for more money than they’d calculated in their [grant]{补助金}.

  • OK - no rain, no rain, [sprinkle]{少量}, then no rain, then, finally, the clouds opened up - not a lot - but enough to hit the [rainfall]{降雨量} target.

  • And now I’m kind of in the [lurch]{挫折}.

  • They [cultivated]{种植} more corn.

  • [Amongst]{在…中} the people who we had given nothing other than a promise…

  • So they got [literally]{确实地} nothing other than a piece of paper that said that under certain [circumstances]{状况}, they’ll get money to make them whole.

  • So it was [remarkable]{出色的}.

  • So to [recap]{总结}, giving farmers money works.

  • [handing out]{分发} cash

  • And as much as I begged Chris to [lord]{逞威风} this result over Dean - to say, in your face, man - they would not [comply]{服从}.

  • [motivate]{促动} behavior

  • out of the [sheer]{完全的} promise of having the risk lifted off their shoulders.

  • make some [boreholes]{钻孔} for irrigation.

  • the animal [husbandry]{农牧业}